Frequent asked questions Homeschooling Puerto Rico
IS HOMESCHOOLING LEGAL IN PUERTO RICO?
Yes. Attendance in public schools in Puerto Rico is compulsory between 5 and 18 years of age. However, attendance at public school shall not be compulsory for those who are receiving education in schools established under the auspices of non-governmental entities. While non-governmental entity schools are not clearly defined or regulated by law, only a primary or secondary academic school which declares, promises, announces, or expresses the intention of granting certificates, diplomas, degrees or licenses is required to licensed by the General Council of Education (Consejo General de Educacion). Most homeschoolers operate as non-governmental entity schools. These homeschools typically use transcripts to demonstrate completed work rather than diplomas.
The Departamento de La Familia (through ADSEF, Administracion de Desarrollo Socio-Economico de La Familia), which administers the nutritional or financial assistance program for indigent families, recognizes homeschooling as a valid alternative of fulfilling the academic requirement for eligibility purposes.
ARE THERE ANY REPORTED COURT CASES IN PUERTO RICO REGARDING HOMESCHOOLING?
No. Although there are no court cases, existing law clearly permits any family to operate a non-governmental entity school in their home. Although there is no specific law in Puerto Rico that recognizes homeschooling or establishes any criteria for setting up a homeschool, homeschoolers can clearly meet the non-governmental entity exemption from public school attendance for children. At least ten states have a similar situation in that homeschoolers operate as private schools since there is no specific statute or law defining homeschooling in those states or establishing the requirements thereof.
ARE THERE TEACHER QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR HOME EDUCATING AS NON-GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY SCHOOLS?
ARE ANY SPECIFIC STANDARDIZED TESTS OR OTHER KINDS OF TESTS REQUIRED OF HOME EDUCATED STUDENTS ATTENDING A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY SCHOOL?
No. Puerto Rico has left it up to the parents offering home education to decide if their children are receiving an adequate education. This is consistent with the view that God has ordained the family through parents to be responsible for the upbringing and education of children, not the State. Therefore, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico should view home education as a benefit to the territory. Parents choosing home education in Puerto Rico are saving the government money by not sending their children to public schools while continuing to pay taxes, thereby subsidizing public schools.